A shallow well is a hole which has been dug, bored, driven or drilled into the ground for the purpose of extracting water. A well is considered to be shallow if it is less than 50 feet deep. The source of a well is an aquifer. An aquifer is an underground layer of permeable soil (such as sand or gravel) that contains water and allows the passage of water.

Shallow pumping wells can often supply drinking water at a very low cost. However, impurities from the surface easily reach shallow sources, which leads to a greater risk of contamination for these wells as they lack continuous casing compared to deeper wells. To eradicate contamination of the water, proper casing or seal must be administered to the well since it prevent the well from pathogens.

Contaminated wells can lead to the spread of various waterborne diseases. Waterborne diseases are conditions caused by pathogenic micro-organisms that are transmitted in water. Disease can be spread while bathing, washing or drinking water, or by eating food exposed to contaminated water.

Some waterborne pathogenic microorganisms spread by water can cause severe, life-threatening diseases. Examples are typhoid fever, which can be cure with the aid of vaccine and cholera, a bacterial disease causing severe diarrhea and dehydration, usually spread in water. Hepatitis A and Diseases which affects the liver. Other microorganisms induce less dangerous diseases. Often, diarrhea is the main symptom. Shallow well can be contaminated through poor sewage system and one of the ways to prevent contamination of the water is to construct a proper design of a sewage system.

Having know this, here's our professional candid advice; go for a Deep Borehole.

I will be bringing you insights on Deep Borehole next week.


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